From the seriousness point of view, there are mainly two types of this disease :
- The Disease in Which The Body of a Child does not Turn Blue (Acyanotic) :
A patient’s body generally does not turn blue when there is only one defect such as narrow valve, hole in the heart, etc. In such cases, pure and impure blood does not mix with each other or only pure blood mixes with impure blood. If this disease is not treated in time, impure blood starts mixing with pure blood due to an increase in lung pressure in the long run. This condition is called Eisenmenger’s Complex. The surgery becomes impossible, risky and non-rewarding once such reversal of blood flow starts.
- The DIsease in Which The Body of Child Turn Blue (Cyanotic) : If there are multiple or mixed defects in the structure of the heart, impire blood starts mixing with pure blood right from birth. Due to the presence of deoxygenated blood, the child’s body, lips, nails, etc. Either constantly appear blue or they turn blue when the child cries, exerts or is breast fed. Almost in every such case surgery becomes necessary in the initial period of life only. In certain cases it is to be performed on the first day or in the first month of life.
There are two chambers in our heart : Red (Pure) Blood with oxygen is found in the left chambers and bluish (impure) blood with less amount of oxygen is found in the right chambers.Impure blood from the entire body, through right auricle and ventricle of the heart reaches the lungs via pulmonary artery. Here, fresh oxygen mixes with blood and carbon dioxide is exhaled out. Such purified blood passes through the left auricle and ventricle and is supplied to the entire body via the aorta. These two types of blood do not mix with each other in a normal person. But mixing two auricles or two ventricles or if there is an additional artery joining two main arteries.