+917069000000 anish.chandarana@cims.me
  1. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) : Hole in the wall between two auricles (atria) of the heart is called an ASD. This hole is required during fetal life and in the normal course, it gets closed by the time a child is born. If this hole is very small (<4- 5 mm), it gets closed by itself within a few years. Even if it is not closed, it usually does not create a serious problem in early life.
  2. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) : A hole in the wall between the two ventricles of the heart is called a VSD. If this hole is small and is located at certain part of the wall, it closes gradually or becomes very small (<2 mm) by the time the child becomes 8-9 years old. But every hole does not get closed spontaneously. If the hole is large or located at certain part of the wall, it leads to enlargement / weakening of the heart with increased pressure in the lungs. There is failure to thrive and child does not grow well. In such cases, early surgery becomes mandatory to save life.
  3. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) : A small artery which connects the pulmonary artery carrying impure blood and the aorta carries pure blood, is called the ductus arteriosus. It is necessary for blood circulation of an embryo in the womb. Generally it gets closed by the time the child is born. If this artery is not closed in a natural manner, it needs intervention in majority of the cases.
  4. Aortic Stenosis (AS) / Pulmonary Stenosis (PS) : If a valve of the heart is narrow, it causes pressure load on the heart is narrow, it causes pressure load on the heart. If the narrowness is from mild to moderate, the child is given medicine and examined periodically. If the valve is severely stenosed/ narrowed, it is dilated with the help of a balloon.
  5. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) : This illness occurs when four defects of the heart get compounded. In this illness, due to a large hole in the ventricular septum and narrowed pulmonary valve, pure and impure blood gets mixed. Therefore, it becomes essential to perform a surgery at a very early age in most cases.