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Anticoagulant Medicines – GPI

Introduction : Platelets play an important role in coagulation of blood. Glycoprotein Receptor Inhibitor (GPI) medicines make the platelets inactive and maintain adequate thinness of blood. Effects : Other antiplatelet medicines are to be given orally. They take half...

Anticoagulant Medicines – Heparin

Introduction : Formation of blood clot to arrest bleeding is a natural and essential process given to mankind. Like platelets, there are many other clotting factors in the blood which help in blood coagulation. Effects : Heparin is available in injection form. It...

Anticoagulant (Blood Thinner) Medicines – Antiplatelets

Introduction : Adequate number of normally functioning platelets is required to maintain the proper flow of blood in arteries and veins.Innumerable micro blood vessels get ruptured and new ones are generated every moment due to degeneration and wear and tear of daily...

Statin

Introduction : Due to atherosclerosis, a layer of cholesterol gets deposited inside coronary arteries and they become weak, narrow and brittle with reduced elasticity. High level of bad cholesterol (total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol) is an important factor...

Centrally Acting Drugs

Medicines like Arkamin and Methyldopa were commonly used in old times. Due to availability of safer and more effective medicines in the last twenty years, these medicines are almost not in use nowadays. But they are used when BP is not well controlled by newer...

Alpha Blockers

This medicine is used when blood pressure is not well controlled by other medicines or other medicines cannot be given due to contraindications. This medicine may lead to giddiness as a side effect. But on the whole, the side effects of this medicine are very little...

Diuretics

Introduction : In many states of illness or uncommonly in some normal states also, the body cannot eliminate water (liquid) and sodium (salt) in required quantity through urine. This can also happen when RAAS becomes overactive. Due to increase in water-sodium level,...

Who would need to Undergo Angioplasty ?

A person who has a major block/obstruction in the coronary artery, leading to more than 70% - 80% diameter stenosis andIf he has suffered from heart attack in the near past orIf he has stress test is positive or If he has chest pain (angina) while doing daily...

Calcium Channel Blockers

Introduction :  There is an increase in blood pressure, heartbeats and load on the heart when calcium enters muscle cells of the heart and arteries. When the channels allowing calcium entry into cells are blocked, the arteries get relaxed and pressure on heart...

RAAS Blockers

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors)Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB) Introduction : Renin-Angiotensin - Aldosterone System (RAAS) is an endocrine system predominantly located in the kidneys. Angiotensin hormone increases blood pressure and...

Nitrates

Introduction : In a healthy individual coronary arteries keep on contracting and relaxing under various physiological and pathological influences. Atherosclerosis makes these coronary arteries brittle and narrow. These narrowed arteries cannot relax well and blood...